The eye is a fluid filled structure. The fluid inside the eye gives the normal pressure to the eyes. The increase in eye pressure due to various reasons damages the nerve of the eye (optic nerve). This is glaucoma. Glaucoma is often a silent disorder which does not give rise to any symptoms during the early stages. Very rarely symptoms such as pain and redness can occur. Glaucoma is the silent killer of vision. This will lead to slow, painless and progressive reduction of vision. This reduction of vision starts from the sides and progresses to the center over months and years (i.e. side/peripheral vision is lost first).
What should be remembered is that the loss of vision due to glaucoma cannot be regained. So it is important that glaucoma is diagnosed during the early stages even before it causes any loss of vision. Glaucoma being a silent disorder, the early detection is possible only by routine eye examination.
Persons prone to glaucoma are
- People with minus or plus power in the eye
- People with glaucoma patients in the family
- History of eye trauma
Most often glaucoma occurs after the age of 40 years and has no symptoms in the early years. But rarely glaucoma can occur in children and young people. Since glaucoma is more common after 40 years, a yearly eye test is needed for everyone above 40yrs. The standard tests for glaucoma include eye pressure (intraocular pressure-IOP) test and computerized visual field analysis to know the extent of peripheral vision.
AMARDEEP EYE CARE offers state of the art diagnostic facilities like OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) which can image and study the optic nerve with micron accuracy and PACHYMETRY which can measure corneal thickness, and HFA, aiding treatment of glaucoma patients.
Treatment modalities for glaucoma are many. Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT), laser treatment works best for newly diagnosed glaucoma patients. It is a safe and painless procedure that does not require admission and after which the patient can immediately resume all routine activities. SLT can be safely repeated if required.
In glaucoma, eye pressure can also be controlled by eye drops or surgeries. The main reason for the failure of treatment with eye drops is the inability to apply the drops properly according to the dosage. Here SLT scores over eye drops as it is mostly a one-time procedure with long-lasting effects.
The most common surgery for glaucoma is called trabeculectomy. We also offer MIGS surgeries and glaucoma drainage implantation. The most experienced surgical hands at AMARDEEP EYE CARE have been delivering the best results.
In short, a yearly eye examination is mandatory for all glaucoma patients as well as those above 40 years of age. Early detection, strict adherence to treatment and a regular lifelong follow up is the way to protect your eyes from this silent thief called glaucoma.